RESILIENCE AND EMPOWERMENT WOMEN IN BUSINESS DURING THE COVID 19 PANDEMIC IN SERBIA
Keywords:Women Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial ventures, Resilience, COVID-19 crisis
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented opportunities for women entrepreneurs to adapt and innovate their way of working in response to changing business conditions. This paper discusses literature review as a methodology for conducting research. Also, we used own qualitative research in relation to potential future directions. The main aim of our study was to further nuance our understanding of the COVID-19 crisis results as a challenge for women's entrepreneurial ventures in Serbia. In addition, the goal was to determine what kind of support was provided to women in business in order to survive in crisis conditions, as well as to strengthen their resilience.
National Women's Business Council (NWBC), (2929). Annual Report. Available at: https://cdn.www.nwbc.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/21113833/2020- NWBC-Annual-Report.html [accessed Mar 1 2023].
American Express (2020). State of Women-Owned Businesses Report. Available at: https://www.americanexpress.com/en-us/business/trends-andinsights/keywords/state-of-women-owned-businesses-report/[accessed Mar 19 2023].
Parsons T, (1959). The social structure of the family’ in Anshen R N (ed.), The Family: its Functions and Destiny, New York, Harper and Row.
Eagly, A. H., & Wood, W. (2016). Social role theory of sex differences. In The Wiley Blackwell encyclopedia of gender and sexuality studies (pp. 1–3). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118663219.wbegss183. [accessed Mar 9 2023].
Eagly, A. H., & Carli, L. L. (2003). Finding gender advantage and disadvantage: systematic research integration is the solution. Leadership Quarterly, 14(6), 851.
Bullough, A., Guelich, U., Manolova, T.S. & Schjoedt, L. (2022). Women’s entrepreneurship and culture: gender role expectations and identities, societal culture, and the entrepreneurial environment. Small Bus Econ (2022) 58:985–996
Reguera-Alvarado, N., de Fuentes, P., & Laffarga, J. (2017). Does board gender diversity influence financial performance? Evidence from Spain. Journal of Business Ethics, 141(2), 337–350.
Ntim, C. G. (2015). Board diversity and organizational valuation: Unravelling the effects of ethnicity and gender. Journal of Management & Governance, 19(1), 167–195.
Mead, M. (1935). Sex and temperament in three primitive societies. New York, NY: William Morrow.
Murdock, G. (1937). Comparative data on the division of labor by sex. Social Forces, 15, 551–553.
Fernandes, E., & Mota-Ribeiro, S. (2017). “Respect” and “self-determination” women entrepreneurs’ identitiesand entrepreneurials discourses. Gender in Management, 32(1), 66-80.
https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-04-2016-0093. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/363135154_INSTITUTIONAL_THEORY_IN_WOMEN_ENTREPRENEURSHIP [accessed Mar 19 2023].
Husna, I., Rahim, A., Mukhtar, Dž., Rahman, A.B. (2022). Institutional Theory in Women Entrepreneurship. Seybold Report ,17:1794-1800.
Al-Faham, H., Davis, A., Ernst, D. (2019). Intersectionality: From Theoryto Practice, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 15(1):247-265.
ETF (2021). Skills support for Women’s Entrepreneurship to achieve more inclusive and prosperous societies. Available at: https://www.etf.europa.eu/en/news-and-events/news/skills-supportwomens-entrepreneurship-achieve-more-inclusive-and-prosperous [accessed Mar 29 2023].
Radović Marković, Mirjana & Đukanović, Borislav (2022). Macroeconomics of Western Balkans in the Context of the Global Work and Business Environment, Charlotte, US: Information Age Publishing (IAP), Inc.,United States.
Radović Marković, Mirjana & Đukanović, Borislav Marković, Dušan, Dragojević Arsen (2021).Entrepreneurship and Work in the Gig Economy - The Case of the Western Balkans, Routledge, London, United Kingdom.
NAWBO (2020). National Women's Business Conference - 2020 https://www.nawbo.org/events-channel/national-womens-businessconference-2020 [accessed Mar 29 2023].
Radović Marković, M., (2021) Resilience for freelancers and selfemployed, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business Resilience (JEBR), No. 3-4, pp. 30-37.
IFC (2020). https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_ external_corporate_site/gender+at+ifc/resources/entrepreneurship_publication s [accessed Mar 29 2023].
IFC (2020). IFC Supports Serbia in the Area of Investment Policy, Reform, and Promotion https://pressroom.ifc.org/all/pages/PressDetail.aspx?ID=16146 [accessed Mar 20 2023].
Radović-Marković, M. (2018) Resilience of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in terms of Globalization: an evidence of Serbia. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business Resilience, 22, pp. 5-15.
Radović-Marković, M. (2020) Resilience and Enterprise Recovery in Response to Covid 19 Crisis. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business Resilience (JEBR), No. 1-2, pp.7-13.
Karimi, Y.M., Karimi,H., Iranzadeh, S.,Branch,T. (2022) -Women's Ventures Resilience and COVID-19 Crisis: A lesson to success in time of crisis. Journal Women Entrepreneurship and Education, 1-2, pp. 1-18. DOI: 10.28934/jwee22.12.pp1-18
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.